Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed
Edward Hopper: New York Corner
Exhibitions open September 9, 2015–August 7, 2016
Stanford, Calif.—The Cantor Arts Center is pleased to present the unparalleled collection of 29 sketchbooks of Richard Diebenkorn alongside a recent acquisition of one of Edward Hopper’s earliest paintings. Renowned Bay Area artist Richard Diebenkorn studied the work of early 20th-century American painter Edward Hopper when he was a student at Stanford in the early ’40s. He was deeply affected by this artistic encounter, and reflected on it several decades later in 1985: “I embraced Hopper completely….It was his use of light and shade and the atmosphere…kind of drenched, saturated with mood, and its kind of austerity,” Diebenkorn recalled. “It was the kind of work that just seemed made for me. I looked at it and it was mine.”
Inspired by this jewel of a memory, the Cantor presents two exhibitions that visually pair these great American artists. Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed celebrates the recent acquisition of 29 sketchbooks kept by Diebenkorn throughout his career. The sketchbooks have never been studied and are on view to the public for the very first time. Edward Hopper: New York Corner celebrates the Cantor’s acquisition of a major early painting that Hopper created when he was just 31 and still struggling to establish himself. It is considered the first work made in his representative style.
The exhibitions mark a major moment in the museum’s commitment to expanding and deepening its collection, said Cantor Director Connie Wolf. “The recent gift of all of Diebenkorn’s sketchbooks and the recent acquisition of the exceptional painting by Edward Hopper support new interdisciplinary approaches to the study and engagement of 20th-century American art and culture here at Stanford. These extraordinary works add greatly to our understanding of American art and offer scholars, artists, students and the broader community an unprecedented opportunity to learn from and engage with these works in new and important ways.”
Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed
Throughout his long career, Richard Diebenkorn (Stanford B.A. ’49) always kept a sketchbook—a portable studio—to capture his ideas. The books contain 1,045 drawings that span the artist’s career and represent the range of styles and subjects he explored—from deeply personal sketches of his wife, Phyllis, to studies of the figure, to grand landscape studies, to the development and maturation of Diebenkorn’s signature style, a rich blending of figuration and abstraction.
“This extraordinary collection is unprecedented in understanding an artist’s process so that students, scholars and the general public can better understand Diebenkorn’s style of working,” said Wolf. “Presented together, the sketchbooks become a revelation of sorts, offering intimate access to the practice of a well-known, important and prolific artist. At Stanford they will serve for years to come as an extraordinary resource.”
The Cantor Arts Center is especially grateful to the late Phyllis Diebenkorn, who made possible this extraordinary gift of the sketchbooks. The Diebenkorn family has a long and important relationship to Stanford University. After attending Lowell High School in San Francisco, Richard Diebenkorn entered Stanford University in 1940 to study studio art and art history. In June, 1943, he met and married fellow Stanford student Phyllis Gilman. After the war, Diebenkorn returned to Stanford and graduated in 1949. Their daughter Gretchen also attended Stanford and received her B.A. in 1967 and her M.F.A. in 1969. She met and married fellow Stanford student Richard Grant, who graduated in 1968 and now serves as the executive director of the Diebenkorn Foundation. The Cantor has an important collection of other works by Diebenkorn, including paintings, drawings and prints, which are regularly on view in the museum’s permanent collection galleries.
The display of the sketchbooks poses a challenge, since visitors can see only one page-spread of each sketchbook. To enhance and deepen the experience, the Cantor has just completed the digitization of all 29 books and has installed touchscreen interactives, developed by Earprint Productions, in the gallery. Additionally, these interactives are available online at: diebenkornsketchbooks.stanford.edu. Not only can visitors leaf through the books digitally and see every sketch in the order conceived, but they can get a sense of how Diebenkorn experimented with line, shape, form and perspectives and creatively tackled challenging subjects.
To augment the sketchbooks and illuminate the work that Diebenkorn created when he was at Stanford studying Edward Hopper, the exhibition includes loans of Diebenkorn’s earliest works, many of which are on display to the public for the very first time.
A special publication accompanying the exhibition introduces the sketchbooks. Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed features four essays by Stanford-affiliated contributors: Enrique Chagoya (Professor of Art Practice), Alexander Nemerov (Carl and Marilynn Thoma Provostial Professor in the Arts and Humanities), Peggy Phelan (Ann O’Day Maples Professor in the Arts, Professor of Drama and of English) and art historian Steven A. Nash (Stanford Ph.D., Art History, ’73). Gretchen Diebenkorn Grant has contributed a remembrance. The publication also features several hundred images that represent all of the sketchbooks.
Go To Sketchbooks
Edward Hopper: New York Corner
The Cantor’s acquisition last spring of Edward Hopper’s seminal 1913 painting, New York Corner, signals an extraordinary moment in the life of the museum. The work becomes a cornerstone addition to the museum’s holdings in American and 20th-century art, and also helps to chart the course for the kind of masterworks—from all eras and geographical regions—that the museum hopes to acquire.
The exhibition Edward Hopper: New York Corner was conceived as a celebratory welcome for the painting. Hopper is one of the most acclaimed and influential artists of the 20th-century. His powerful and iconic seascapes, cityscapes and depictions of solitary figures in urban interiors expose the rugged individualism of American culture in all its beauty and isolation. Celebrated equally for his extraordinary skill as a painter and his haunting depictions of daily life in the mid-20th century, Hopper has fueled the imaginations of generations of artists, filmmakers and writers.
When New York Corner was first exhibited in that city shortly after it was finished in 1913, critics praised it as a “perfect visualization of a New York atmosphere” and for its “completeness of expression,” even though it is one of Hopper’s earliest works. The painting’s extraordinary details harken to the impressionist brushstrokes and “slice of life” subjects of French modernists such as Claude Monet and Edgar Degas. Indeed, Hopper completed this work shortly after a visit to Paris, when he would have encountered that style of art making. Yet the painting also includes the vibrantly hued red-brick building and depictions of daily life in early 20th-century New York that have come to characterize Hopper’s oeuvre.
Alexander Nemerov, the Carl and Marilynn Thoma Provostial Professor in the Arts and Humanities at Stanford University and the incoming chair of the Department of Art & Art History, said of the painting, “This great picture that we now have in our collection gets singled out as a key—perhaps even a first—painting he made in his representative style, the style that would make him famous and so influential. It is remarkable that here on campus we now have this painting that started it all.”
The exhibition contextualizes the painting by grouping works from the museum’s collection into several art-object-based “conversations.” These constellations point to the kinds of artistic practice that preceded the painting’s creation; showcase concurrent work, both similar and different, by Hopper’s contemporaries; and present the kinds of practice that followed. Woven through the show are themes of modern urban life, the cityscape as subject matter, and realism and its connection to photography.
“The history of 20th-century art is a rich tapestry of art-historical, social and political narratives,” said Alison Gass, the Cantor’s associate director for exhibitions, collections and curatorial affairs. “This installation celebrates a great 20th-century painting and allows the museum to further unfurl the tapestry of 20th-century art.”
Running concurrently with Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed and Edward Hopper: New York Corner is the major Cantor exhibition Artists at Work, which further examines themes raised by the Diebenkorn and Hopper installations. Inspired by the fall opening of the McMurtry Building for Stanford’s Department of Art & Art History—where art will be both made and studied—Artists at Work explores how artists make work, what innovation has meant across history, and the different ways in which artists become inspired. On view are more than 80 Cantor collection works by American and European artists such as Édouard Manet, J. M. W. Turner, Thomas Hart Benton and Richard Serra, plus loaned works by contemporary artists Trevor Paglen, Garth Weiser, Hope Gangloff and Rachel Owens, among others.
Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed and Edward Hopper: New York Corner, are organized by the Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University.
The Cantor Arts Center gratefully acknowledges support of the exhibition Richard Diebenkorn: The Sketchbooks Revealed and its accompanying catalogue from a leadership gift from L. Park Loughlin, a generous grant from Jill Freidenrich and Jack Clumeck in loving memory of their parents Lois and Jack Clumeck, and the Hohbach Family Fund.
The Cantor Arts Center gratefully acknowledges support of the exhibition Edward Hopper: New York Corner from the Elizabeth Swindells Hulsey Special Exhibitions Fund and Cantor Arts Center Members.
Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University
Founded when the university opened in 1891, the museum was expanded and renamed in 1999 for lead donors Iris and B. Gerald Cantor. The Cantor’s collection spans 5,000 years and includes more than 38,000 works of art. Ranging from classical antiquities to contemporary works, the Cantor’s holdings include the largest collection of sculptures by renowned master Auguste Rodin in an American museum. With 24 galleries and more than 15 special exhibitions each year, the Cantor is one of the most visited university art museums in the country and is an established resource for teaching and research on campus. Free admission, tours, lectures, and family activities help the museum attract visitors from Stanford’s academic community, the San Francisco Bay Area, and from around the world.